• Dissociative Phenomena in the Everyday Lives of Trauma Survivors
  • Interest in dissociation, as a mental ability and as a set of symptoms secondary to trauma, has re-vitalized in the past ten years following a one hundred year hiatus between the work of Janet and the work of the pioneers in the field of trauma in the 1980s and 90s (van der Kolk, 1997; Putnam, 1999; Chu, 1998). Although we have a better understanding of dissociation now than we did ten years ago, it is still a very controversial subject in the field of mental health because it is so routinely equated with Dissociative Identity Disorder. As a result, even experienced clinicians miss the frequent more subtle presentations that appear in our offices on a daily basis. If we look instead to understand dissociation as we would any other mental state phenomenon, we will begin to see that all human beings dissociate, and much of our dissociativeness is adaptive....

  • The Contribution Of Hughlings Jackson To An Understanding Of Dissociation –Meares
  • The author provides a preliminary framework for a systematic and dynamic understanding of dissociation through a consideration of the theories of Hughlings Jackson. Jackson’s ideas are briefly reviewed. He saw the proper scientific investigation of mental illness as an experimental investigation of mind. Accordingly, his argument begins with this fundamental concept. His views of the brain-mind relationship and of mind, or self, resemble modern conceptions. He viewed the self as double and focused on those disruptions of the self system which he called the “dreamy state.” This state involves an “uncoupling” of normal consciousness, resulting in the loss of the most recently developed forms of memory and of the stream of consciousness. Dissociation is seen here as analogous to the dreamy state. Jacksonian theory predicts the main features of dissociation, i.e., constriction of consciousness, a particular form of amnesia, disaggregation of perceptual phenomena, depersonalization, derealization, and hallucinosis. It leads to the view that dissociation can be seen, in essence, as an uncoupling of consciousness....

  • Dissociation & The Fragmentary Nature of Traumatic Memories: Overview & Exploratory Study
  • Since trauma is an inescapably stressful event that overwhelms people's coping mechanisms it is uncertain to what degree the results of laboratory studies of ordinary events have relevance to the understanding of traumatic memories. This paper first reviews the literature on the differences between recollections of stressful and of traumatic events. It then reviews the evidence implicating dissociative processes as the central pathogenic mechanisms that give rise to PTSD. We present the results of a systematic exploratory study of 46 subjects with PTSD which indicates that traumatic memories are retrieved, at least initially, in the form of dissociated mental imprints of sensory and affective elements of the traumatic experience: as visual, olfactory, affective, auditory and kinesthetic experiences. Over time, subjects reported the gradual emergence of a personal narrative that can be properly referred to as "explicit memory". The implications of these findings for understanding the nature of traumatic memories is discussed....

  • On Trauma – Allan Schore Group
  • Following a summarizing introduction by Allan Schore Richard Carr presents a case vignette that demonstrates the clinical relevance of a construct that is now central to stress models in biology and neuroscience, allostasis. This concept, the process by which physiological stability is maintained in the face of change, has not yet appeared in the psychoanalytic literature, thus highlighting the import of Carrs contribution. This is followed by an article in which Jane R. Wheatley-Crosbie focuse...

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