CSAR

Interpersonal Neurobiology

  • Modern attachment theory: the enduring impact of early right-brain development
  • Dr. Schore centers his talk on the importance of the early right brain development for the future functioning and well-being of a person. He describes a shift in science that currently gives emotions and to the regulation of emotions a privileged place. The attunement and co-regulation in the relationship between the mother and the baby has a fundamental impact on the regulation of emotions. Current research shows that emotional dysregulation and problems in the right brain are present in every pathology. ...

  • Human Nature and Early Experience
  • The Polyvagal Theory provides a new perspective to explore how autonomic nervous system function relates to social behavior, emotional regulation, and health. The Polyvagal Theory links the evolution of the autonomic nervous system to affective experience, emotional expression, facial gestures, vocal communication, and contingent social behavior. The theory, by being informed by the phylogeny of the autonomic nervous system, expands our understanding of normal and atypical behavior, mental health (e.g., coping with stress and novelty), and psychiatric disorders (e.g., autism, anxiety disorders, PTSD). The theory emphasizes that the core deficit in behavioral and affective regulation that is associated with several psychiatric disorders, especially disorders diagnosed in children, is related to neural regulation of the autonomic nervous system. By incorporating a developmental perspective, the theory explains how typical and atypical maturation and regulation of autonomic function forms the neural “platform” upon which social behavior and the development of safe trusting relationships are based. The theory explains how the nervous system evaluates risk in the environment, without awareness and often independent of a cognitive narrative, through a process labeled “neuroception.” Neuroception attempts to support adaptive behaviors by matching autonomic state with the neuroceptive state of risk (i.e., safe social environment, danger, and life threat). Abuse and trauma may reset neuroception to protect the individual from others when there is no “real” danger resulting in defensive and often aggressive responses to friends and caregivers...

  • Working with the Neurobiological Legacy of Early Trauma
  • The author describes how the brain reacts to trauma. She then discusses the long-term effects of trauma on a person’s neurobiology; she uses neurobiology, in turn, to inform how therapy should be conducted for those affected by trauma. Sensorimotor Psychotherapy is offered as a means to help clients overcome their trauma....

  • Embryonic & Neural Development: Setting the Stage for the Lifespan
  • Dr. Charles A. Nelson, from the Children's Hospital Boston, gives a detailed discussion on the process of embryonic and neural development. He begins with a chronological discussion of the process involved in pre-natal development, followed by an overview of the stages of brain development. The presentation concludes with a thorough discussion of neural plasticity and its relationship to environmental experiences....

  • Factors Influencing Brain Development
  • Dr. Bryan Kolb, from the University of Lethbridge, gives an in-depth lecture on the neurology behind brain development. He says different experiences build different brain structures, which in turn function differently. Contrary to what was long thought, our genes are not set in stone. Environments and experience change the expression of our genes, and those changed genes can be passed along to the next generation....

  • Adverse Childhood Experiences: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder & Beyond VIDEO
  • Dr. Ruth Lanius, from the University of Western Ontario, discusses the broad physical effects of adverse childhood experiences and their role in posttraumatic stress disorder. An overview of the neurobiology of posttraumatic stress disorder is presented as well as implications of findings on attachment and intergenerational transmission of trauma....

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